I believe polish pro-life movement is not very diffrent from those you see in other countries, even though our law is more life friendly. If you ask for our regular work, here in Poland – similar to the US – have two types of pro-life organisations (as seen in Uunplanned): «Warriors» who protest in from of hospitals that comitt legal abortion and «Caregivers» (who I idetify with closer) that runs all of aid activities for woman and families in crisis before and after a birth of a child. When it comes to political action, let me give you a bit of a background: from 1993 when abortion was limited in Poland only to 3 cases: 1) When health of life of mother is endangered; 2) when pregnancy is a result of a crime (rape etc) and 3) when there is a serious suspicion of leathal illnes or derious disability (eugenic abortion). There was a short time in 1996/97 when abortion was allowed due to «social situation» but it was ruled unconstitutional. Roughly from 2000’s we see a growth of anuall abortion numbers from 3rd exception (eugenic) and last year this exception was responded for more than 90% of so called «legal» abortions (2019: 1116 abortions included 1074 eugenic abortions). The reason is simple – when prenatal tests are done, a suspicion (not hard proof) is more than sufficient to abort a baby. Moreover the age of a mother (above 35) may be a premise as well. So we see every year a growing rate of eugenic abortions as the definition got broader and broader and allow more and more babies to be killed. Several citizens initiatives were introduced to ban or limit abortion with the last one gathered 800.000 signatures (in a country of 38 millions citizens) called «Stop Abortion» which was to to so called Parlaiment freezer – a parliamentary comission that supoose to work on this project but did noy gateherd even once. Pro-life MP’s took action and 119 of them submit in december 2019 question the the Constitutional Tribunal wheter eugenic abortion is constitutional. It took the Tribunal 10 months to schedule a hearing. On a Feast of John Paul II, 22.10 the Tribunal ruled: eugenic abortion is unconsitutional and ordered publication (as only after publication it becomes the law) with the deadline of November, 2. And almost right away the pro-choice protest started.
I would say neither. Abortion – as cleary seen in current protests – is used by extreme left for cultural revolution, became a kind of a symbol that has to succed to change social structure and mentality. Poland is one of a very few countries in Europe with still strong christian and conservative values and some people simply cannot stand that as they hate everything that represents these values. Why after Tribunal rule churches were destroyed with vulgar words? If you look at countries like France, Spain, Ireland or Malta – 1 or 2 generations ago they were as christian and conservative as Poland and what happend? 25 years ago in catholic Ireland even divorce was illegal… This is a revolution and Tribunal rule was a good moment to introduce it to our country.
4. What does the Polish president backing down mean for the movement?